Botanical illustration is the accurate pictorial depiction of plants and plant traits for a scientific purpose (Rix 2012), as opposed to flower painting, which has no further purpose than to be admired.​ The emphasis of botanical illustration should be on the scientific value of the illustration, rather than on its aesthetic appeal. In addition, the use of plant illustrations should not be limited to a single plant species.

For example, it is not appropriate to use a plant illustration to depict a flower that is a member of a different species, such as a daisy or a tulip.

Here’s a video that explains it all:

What do botanical illustrators do?

The scientist is served by botanical illustrators and their works. They show how a botanist works as a proofreader for scientific literature. Illustrators are also known for their illustrations of plants and animals. These illustrations are often used in textbooks and textbooks of botany, zoology, and entomology.

What is the difference between botanical art and botanical illustration?

Both should be botanically and scientifically accurate, but art can be more subjective and focused on aesthetic qualities. A botanical illustration is for the purpose of showing all parts of a plant so that the viewer can see the whole plant.

In the end, it is up to the artist to decide whether or not they want to depict a flower or a tree in their work. If they do, then they are free to do so. However, if they choose not to, they should not be criticized for it.

How are botanical illustrations made?

An article or monograph can be illustrated with live plants from the herbarium. All relevant aspects of the plant will be depicted in the illustration. For example, an illustration of a plant may show the leaves, flowers, fruit, seeds, bark, stems, roots, etc. The illustration may also depict the entire plant, or a portion of it.

In some cases, the illustrations may depict only a single plant. Examples of plant illustrations include, but are not limited to, illustrations of plants in their natural habitat, such as in the wild, in cultivation, and/or in a laboratory setting.

Examples of illustrations that may be included in an illustrated text are those that depict plant growth: (see list)

  • Flowering
  • Fruiting
  • Seed dispersal
  • Root development
  • Leaf coloration
  • Foliage structure
  • Growth rate
  • Size
  • Shape
  • Color
  • Texture
  • Appearance
  • as well as any other features that are relevant to the subject matter being illustrated.

  • Structure
  • Function

Illustrations that do not depict any of these features are excluded from the scope of this definition.

What should a botanical illustration include?

Measurement, botanically correct depiction of plant parts, veins, petals, and leaves are included in botanical illustration. Buds, flowers, roots, and seeds are often enlarged and labeled. It is done in black and white with a pen and ink. Bud, flower, root, or seed is usually shown in the center of the illustration, with the botanical name at the bottom.

In some cases, it may be shown on a separate sheet of paper, in which case it is called a “leaflet.” The leaflet may also be printed on the back of a book or other printed material, such as a poster or poster board. Leaflets can be used to advertise a particular product or service, as well as to educate the public about botany.

How did botanical illustration start?

The form, color, and details of plant life are depicted in botanical illustration. The practice can be traced back to the 50’s and 70’s when an illustrated book was created to help readers identify plant species.

Why botanical prints are popular?

While photography has replaced illustrations on an educational level, the prints remain popular thanks to their artistry. 1790. This print is one of a series of works by the French artist, who is best known for his paintings of animals and birds.

The print depicts a bird in flight, with its beak open and its wings spread out in front of it. In the background, a man is standing on a hill, looking down at the bird, which is perched on the man’s shoulder.

What does botanical print mean?

Botanical illustration is the art of depicting the form, color, and details of plant species, frequently in watercolor paintings. They can be printed with a botanical description in books, magazines, and other media if they are scientifically accurate.

How do you become a nature illustrator?

A 4-year bachelor’s degree program in art should provide you with critique from established artists, a space for conceptual development and an environment in which to hone your skills. Most colleges and universities offer bachelor’s degree programs in art with specializations in painting, sculpture, photography, printmaking, ceramics, and more.

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